St. Martin is a volcanic and mountainous island.
Its highest point is Pic Paradis, on the French side (424m).
The island’s coastline offers a wide variety of landscapes; some rugged and ringed with coral, others made up of beautiful white sandy beaches interspersed with sea grapes, coconut trees and palm trees.
Vast salt ponds are the icing on the cake in this paradise setting.
The coastal strips that cut off the inland ponds from the sea are another abstract of our scenery and one of its unique characteristics. Most of the island’s built-up areas are located on these strips.
St. Martin is a dry island with sparse hills and some areas of rich vegetation.
The East coast or "windward coast" is brushed by the gentle warmth of the trade winds that meet the mountains, condense and turn into warm showers of rain resulting in a windward coast that is lush and green.
On the other hand, along the west or "leeward" coast, where showers are less common the vegetation is dry ; here, scrubs and cactus dominate the landscape..
The climate is ideal all year round on St. Martin...
Like the other islands in the Caribbean, Saint-Martin has a tropical climate.
The average annual temperature is 80.6°F, peaking at around 89.6°F. Temperatures rarely dip below 68°F.
The temperature on St. Martin is stable and benefits from the trade winds. There is no rainy season as such and the showers are rather short
In spite of the stable temperature on the island, there are two seasons : the dry season from December to April, and the wintering season from May to November.
The dry season corresponds to the high tourist season. At this time of year, mornings and nights are cooler but never dip below an average of 68°F.
In the wintering season, temperatures are higher throughout the day.
Although there is seasonal variation in the rains on St. Martin, the difference between the dry and the rainy seasons is less marked than on islands located further south, such as Guadeloupe and Martinique.
The rainy season is generally associated with the hurricane season, which runs from June to December.
The last major hurricanes recorded on the island were Hurricane Luis in 1995 and José and Lenny in 1999.
Throughout the year the sun rises between 5 am and 6 am and sets between 5 pm and 7 pm. The longest days are between April and September.
|Rainfall in inches||2.6||1.8||1.6||2.4||3.9||2.9||3.1||4.1||5.3||4.9||4.9||3.3|
|Temp. in °F||82||83||84||84||86||87||89||88||88||87||85||83|
|Water Temp. in °F||80||79||80||81||82||83||83||84||84||85||83||82|